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House with SOLD sign in front yard and factors listed like location, size, condition impacting value

12 Key Factors That Impact House Prices

The value of a house is determined by many different factors. While no two properties are alike, there are some common elements that tend to drive prices up or down. Understanding these key factors can help sellers price their homes competitively and buyers determine if a property is worth its list price.


One of the most important factors affecting a home’s value is its location. Houses located in desirable areas near amenities like good schools, parks, and shopping tend to command higher prices. Properties in neighbourhoods with higher crime rates or far from job centres typically sell for less.

Land Size

The size of the land that comes with the house also impacts price. Larger lots allow for more privacy and expansion, which buyers find attractive. Smaller lots tend to lower prices, while overly large rural properties can also decrease value if there is unused land.

Home Size

Larger homes with more bedrooms and bathrooms typically sell for more. Square footage and layout play a role, with open floor plans and ample storage space being preferable. However, homes that are significantly larger than others in the area may be harder to sell.


House condition and upkeep are important factors. Well-maintained homes in turnkey condition often appraise higher. Homes needing major repairs or updates due to damage, deferred maintenance or outdated materials may negatively impact valuations.

Age & Architecture

A home’s age can influence price. Older homes with dated layouts or features may sell for less, while newer construction usually fetches higher prices. Architectural style also matters, with unique homes selling for more in some markets.

Outdoor Space & Landscaping

Properties with nicely landscaped yards, patios, decks and pools tend to increase value. Outdoor spaces extend living areas and provide amenities like privacy and entertainment options. Lack of yard upkeep can deter buyers.

Energy Efficiency

Upgrades like new windows, insulation and Energy Star appliances can optimise efficiency. Green features like solar panels also add value. Inefficient homes with older systems or inadequate insulation may sell for less.

Garage & Storage

Having an attached garage, especially a multi-car garage, can increase a home’s worth compared to no garage or just a carport. Abundant storage space and large closets are also desirable. Lack of parking or storage can decrease value.

Kitchen & Bathroom

Updated kitchens and bathrooms with contemporary cabinetry, fixtures and finishes raise home values. Outdated spaces with linoleum, tile and avocado appliances can deter buyers unless offering a renovation discount.


Properties with attractive vistas of water, mountains, city skylines or other natural features often command higher prices. Views increase desirability and add ambiance. Blocked views can negatively impact value.

Flood Zone

Being located in a FEMA-designated flood zone can decrease valuations by as much as 30% due to high insurance costs. Proximity to bodies of water must be weighed against flooding risks. Elevation matters too.

Nearby Amenities

Proximity to amenities like highly-rated schools, parks, trails, entertainment and shopping boosts appeal. Easy access to public transit and major highways add value too. Lack of amenities or remoteness can lower prices.

In summary, while no single factor definitively determines a home’s value, understanding what impacts property valuations can help buyers and sellers make informed pricing decisions. Consider both the physical attributes of the home itself along with its surrounding location and neighbourhood.